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By Duncan Epping, Principal Architect, VMware

Yesterday I received a question on twitter:

Hi, to settle an argument in the office, if no reserves are in place, does number of vCPU’s affect slot size in vSphere 4? Thx 🙂

First of all, what is a slot? The availability guide explains it as follows

A slot is a logical representation of the memory and CPU resources that satisfy the requirements for any powered-on virtual machine in the cluster.

In other words a slot is the worst case CPU and Memory reservation scenario for any given virtual machine in a cluster. This slot is used when Admission Control is enabled and “Host Failures Tolerates” has been selected as the admission control policy. The total amount of available resources in the cluster will be divided by the slot size and that dictates how many VMs can be powered on without violating availability constraints. Meaning that it will guarantee that every powered on virtual machine can be failed over.

As said this slot is dictated by the worst case reservation for CPU and Memory. Prior to vSphere 4.0 we used the number of vCPUs to determine the slotsize for CPU as well. But we do not use vCPUs anymore to determine the slot size for CPU. The slotsize for CPU is determined by the highest reservation or 256MHz (vSphere 4.x and prior) / 32MHz (vSphere 5) if no reservation is set.

However, vCPUs can have an impact on your slot… it can have an impact on your memory slotsize. If no reservation is set anywhere HA will use the highest Memory Overhead in your cluster as the slot size for memory. This is where the amount of vCPUs come in to play, the more vCPUs you add to a virtual machine the higher will your memory overhead be.

I guess the answer to this question is: For CPU the number of vCPUs does not impact your slotsize, but for memory it may.

About the Author

Duncan Epping

Duncan is a Chief Technologist working in the Storage and Availability Business Unit at VMware, serving as a partner and truster adviser to EMEA customers. He is the co-author of several books, including the vSphere Clustering Deepdive series and Essential Virtual SAN. He is the owner and main author of virtualization blog yellow-bricks.com.