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Monthly Archives: January 2009

Virtualizing XenApp on XenServer 5.0 and ESX 3.5

New performance results are out that show ESX supports more XenApp users with lower CPU usage than XenServer. Click through for the whole thing, including the details of the user-centric workload. For perormance testing of desktop or terminal services virtualization, simulating the workload is very important. It can be tricky, and if you don't simulate how real humans use their desktops, you may not come to conclusions that can apply to real-world deployments.

VMware: VROOM!: Virtualizing XenApp on XenServer 5.0 and ESX 3.5.

has always been interest in running Citrix XenApp (formerly Citrix
Presentation Server) workloads on the VMware Virtual Infrastructure
platform. With the advent of multi-core systems, purchasing decisions
are driven towards systems with 4-16 cores. However, using this
hardware effectively is difficult due to limited scaling of the XenApp
application environment. In addition to the usual benefits of
virtualization, these scaling issues make running XenApp environments
on ESX even more compelling.

recently ran some performance tests to understand what can be expected
in terms of performance for a virtualized XenApp workload. The results
show that ESX runs common desktop applications on XenApp with
reasonable overhead compared to a native installation, and with
significantly better performance than XenServer. 

and other products that virtualize applications are prime candidates to
be run in a VM. These results show that ESX can do so efficiently
compared to using a physical machine. This was shown with a benchmark
that: represents a real desktop workload, uses a metric that includes
latencies of all operations, and requires that all operations complete
successfully. Furthermore, ESX supports about 13% more users than
XenServer at a given latency while using less CPU.

Virtualizing Exchange: Roundtable podcast #32

Last week we repeated our topic, Virtualizing Exchange and other enterprise messaging applications. Our guests, VMware's Dave Korsunsky and Jon Dybik, returned. A good time was had by all. As always, listen via the widget on the right, by downloading the mp3 directly, or by going through iTunes. (Every week, you can download the raw audio recording immediately, and then later I put it through Levelator, which makes it much more listenable and gives a constant volume from all the callers. So if you're blowing out your eardrums on your iPod with our surprise volume changes, try downloading again.)

Join us today in 3 hours or so (noon PST / 3pm EST / 8pm GMT / 7am Sydney EDT) for an Open Topic Roundtable. Come by, join the chat, or call in. More info here. Some topics we may cover:

We focused on Microsoft Exchange last week, so other than our main page for things Exchangey:

all I've got for you today is our brand spankin' new section on the VMware Communities. Drop by and ask your questions there! Dave, Jon, and our other enterprise application experts are standing by.

High throughput iSCSI with VMware: a multi-vendor post

Chad (of EMC) and Vaughn (of NetApp) posted today a great collaborative blog article (with others from VMware, Dell/EqualLogic and  HP/Lefthand) that has a nice backgrounder on iSCSI, talks about some design considerations, links to lots of resources, and then talks about some little-known configuration  and performance considerations. If you are not an iSCSI guru, you should read this post:

Virtual Geek: A Multivendor Post to help our mutual iSCSI customers using VMware.

Today’s post is one you don’t often find in the blogosphere, see
today’s post is a collaborative effort initiated by me, Chad Sakac
(EMC), which includes contributions from Andy Banta (VMware), Vaughn
Stewart (NetApp), Eric Schott (Dell/EqualLogic), and Adam Carter
(HP/Lefthand), David Black (EMC) and various other folks at each of the

Together, our companies make up the large majority
of the iSCSI market, all make great iSCSI targets, and we (as
individuals and companies) all want our customers to have iSCSI

I have to say, I see this one often – customer
struggling to get high throughput out of iSCSI targets on ESX.  
Sometimes they are OK with that, but often I hear this comment: "…My
internal SAS controller can drive 4-5x the throughput of an iSCSI

Can you get high throughput with iSCSI with GbE on ESX?   The answer is YES
But there are some complications, and some configuration steps that are
not immediately apparent. You need to understanding some iSCSI
fundamentals, some Link Aggregation fundamentals, and know some ESX
internals – none of which are immediately obvious…

If you’re
interested (and who wouldn’t be interested with a great topic and a
bizzaro-world “multi-vendor collaboration”… I can feel the space-time
continuum collapsing around me :-), read on…

Stephen Foskett gives us the take-home. Essential Reading for VMware ESX iSCSI Users! – Stephen Foskett, Pack Rat.

  • Ethernet link aggregation doesn’t buy you anything in iSCSI environments
  • iSCSI HBA’s don’t buy you much other than boot-from-SAN in ESX, either
  • The most common configuration (ESX software iSCSI) is limited to about 160 MB/s per iSCSI target over one-gigabit Ethernet, but that’s probably fine for most applications
  • Adding multiple iSCSI targets adds performance across the board, but configurations vary by array
  • Maximum per-target performance comes from guest-side software iSCSI, which can make use of multiple Ethernet links to push each array as fast as it can go

More like this, please.

Got Mac? Get your Windows 7 on.

From our Team Fusion blog: Windows 7 on Mac with VMware Fusion: A Practical Guide

There’s been a lot of buzz flying around about Microsoft’s next big operating system, Windows 7, which just entered public beta.

our readers know, a great way to start testing out a new operating
system is in a virtual machine, where you can see how it works without
having to dedicate a whole physical machine. 

Well guess what: this is certainly the case with Windows 7 and VMware Fusion,
too.  So we wanted to take the time to share best practices on how to
make this happen, with screenshots and video of the process to make it
nice and easy for you.

The secret is to use the Easy Install but change the OS from Vista to Windows Server 2008. And in 20 minutes or so … enjoy.

Addendum: Rich Brambley at VM /ETC seemed to have no trouble installing the Windows 7 beta on VMware Workstation 6.5 by setting Vista as the OS, so not sure which way is best if you're on that platform. Check the VMware Communities for Workstation or Fusion if you're having trouble.

What’s new on VMworld.com: calendar, subscription, booths

VMworld Europe is right around the corner. (You have registered, yes?) In the meantime, here are a few new items available at the 24/7 online version of VMworld:

Picture 13
VMworld.com Virtualization Events


Here you can post conferences, tradeshows, seminars, webinars for the
community to view.  we will add to the calendar on this page. Hmm, I'll have to get the community podcasts on here.

VMworld.com Subscription


Can't make it in person to the conference? Instead sign up for this “annual” subscription giving VMworld non-attendees access to all sessions and labs from the show + premium online services of the virtual conference.

VMworld.com Virtual Exhibitor Booths

A customized booth
year-round on VMworld.com for any company who wants to share their
virtualization offerings and create a community buzz and feedback
through discussions, shared papers/presentations, videos, blogs, expert
sessions, demos and events.

Virtualizing eRoom: $1.5M, better SLAs, and “no downside”

I normally prefer to quote regular customers talking about their VMware successes — who needs to hear us quote ourselves about how great we are? But this one is pretty good, with EMC as the customer. (Of course EMC is Not VMware, but they do have a vested interest in us, so use whatever filters you deem fit; there are plenty of other successful VMware customer stories here.) EMC's Chad Sakac points to this latest case study on EMC and their experience virtualizing their Documentum eRoom implementation on VMware.

Virtual Geek: VMware and Documentum eRoom – or how EMC saved $1.5M.

1) the usual CapEx reasons (more important these days than ever!)

"Eliminated additional $1.5 milliion from planned budget expenditures and reigned in ongoing hardware and associated costs"

2) the normal "hey look at all this unexpected operational flexibility upside" reasons

fail-overs have already been handled by VMware – the entire process
only took a few minutes and the eRoom users never noticed a
disruption.   In the past, such a failover would have significantly
impacted users and produced longer down times."

the always fun "wow – performance is good.   WOW – really good!".   
Everyone always is worried about this, almost always incorrectly.  
Higher utilization can also be expressed as higher efficiency, which
for some workloads has an effect of getting MORE on the same hardware
(i.e. in this case we could have more front-ends).

final performance results acheived were significantly greater than
expected.  Users were both pleased and astounded with the increased
performancel eRoom activities such as site access, opening stored
content, and saving files, are now instantaneous.   Response delays
have been eliminated, yet the virtual site configuration is nearly
identical to the original physical hardware configuration."

And the money quote I'll retype for you here, since somebody at EMC decided to password-protect the case study PDF. (Hint, folks, you want people to cut-and-paste from your success stories.)

"We saved the company $1.5 million right off the top, plus cut ongoing costs for floor space, power, depreciation, and labor — and we get all these extra capabilities like easy expansion, smooth and plentiful fail-over, and faster performance. Basically, there was no downside." –Axel Kehlenbeck, project manager

A million and a half here, better SLAs there, and pretty soon you're talking about something worth doing. We won't be talking about eRoom, but we will be talking about virtualizing your enterprise messaging apps this Wednesday at noon PST on our VMware Communities Roundtable podcast.

vExpert is not a popularity contest

I've had a number of conversations today that have made it clear to me we have a bit of a misunderstanding. The vExpert awards are not a popularity contest. The awards will be made on the basis of your activities in 2008 for the community. Do not spam all your friends and colleagues asking for testimonials to be sent to the nomination site.

There is no voting. Multiple nominations will not help you. Instead, a committee will look at the hard work you've put in spreading the good word about virtualization in 2008, and will pick out the most worthy virtualization advocates. Having hundreds of people submit nominations will just make more work for me, and it's never a good strategy to piss off the chairman of the judging committee.

Why did we do it this way? My understanding is that Microsoft just makes the decisions internally and then sends emails out informing you that you've gotten an MVP award. Similarly, while we started with some internal lists, we chose to have a few weeks for public submissions.

Why make all this noise and fuss? First, we felt like we might not know everybody and everything that's going on all around the world. And second, even if I know you as a blogger or Jean knows you as a VMUG leader, we might not realize all the cool stuff you've done outside those limited views.

This strategy is already paying off. Already from the entries so far I've found out that a community regular is also active on some other online forums and answers virtualization and VMware questions there, which is a plus to me. Another blogger, a partner, holds regular meetings with his competitors in the region to compare notes and talk technology. This is also a plus to me. (Small fib: I actually found out both these facts via email, but that kind of thing should be in your essay, dammit!)

So, please don't be modest. Nominate yourself. You know better than anyone else what you were up to last year. If it makes you feel better, I can change the title of the form to "Application," which was its original title anyway. Really, don't be shy. It's my fault for using the word "nominate" and not clarifying how the process was going to work.

I realize there is value in being recognized by your peers, and maybe later we figure out some other way to capture that, like a Virtual Prom King or VMware People's Choice Award or something. But right now, for this award, I don't want to penalize people without big megaphones. I want to find the people who have earned it with their actions.

The last 24 hours did have one good effect from my perspective! Many blogs have posted about vExpert to spread the word. Thanks! I really do appreciate it! And no worries — you won't be penalized if lots of your readers and colleagues have nominated you, but people are going to get tired of our blogs if we do much more of it. My fault. Please accept my apologies.

I do encourage you to submit nominations for other folks that I might not know about, or to tell me a story I haven't heard.

Thanks! The response so far has been amazingly great, both out there and also internally here at VMware. We're going to have a good time together this year.

Questions? Feel free to shoot them to vexpert@vmware.com. That goes to me, but it lets me organize my inbox a little better.

Have a great weekend!

How to exploit the (SRM) test bubble for all its worth | Uptime Blog

VMware: Uptime (VMware and Business Continuity): How to exploit the test bubble for all its worth.

It is important during a test failover to test your virtual
machines without them being visible to the production systems.  Things like IP and name conflicts can
happen if you are not careful and they will ruin your day.  So isolating those VM’s is important
but we need to do that in a way that we can still properly test.

If you have only one ESX server you can use the
automatically generated test bubble network that connects the VM’s
together.  This private virtual
switch will allow VM’s to talk to each other without the traffic leaving that
switch.  So we are preserving the
important isolation.  This is the
default for a recovery plan.  It is
shown as Auto in the Test Network column when you edit the Network part of a
recovery plan.  You can see this in
the screen shot below.  You can
learn more about this on page 62 of the Admin Guide – URL for it is below.

When you have multiple hosts, and you need VM’s on each of
the hosts to communicate with each other we cannot use the private virtual
switch method as it has too much isolation (it does not span hosts).   The solution to that is to use an
isolated VLAN.

Exchange, new Security podcast, and more … Roundtable podcast #31

We had some technical difficulties with our podcast provier this week, so we held a short roundtable session. By the time we got on the air, I'd let our guests go for the day, but one, Jon Dybik, did stick around, so we got to talk about virtualizating Microsoft Exchange for a bit anyway.

Still, we did decide to reschedule for next week. #32 Roundtable will be next week, Jan 21, at noon PST, and the topic will be, once again, Virtualizing Exchange (and Domino and BlackBerry).  More info here. For this week, listen via the widget on your right or the mp3.  Links for our short podcast this week:

Microsoft virtualization licensing

Edward Haletky's Virtualization Security Round Table Podcast – go NOW (Thursday @ 11:00 am PST / 2:30 pm EST)

Virtualizing Exchange

Are you a VMware vExpert? Announcing a new community award.

A few years ago, I asked one of the most prolific posters on the VMware Communities if he wanted to be recognized for all the effort he was putting into answering questions on the forums, and the obvious breadth of knowledge he displayed. "Oh no," was the answer I got. "I don't want my boss to know how much time I'm spending on the site. I've learned so much doing it, but I don't think he would understand." I hope your boss has a more enlightened viewpoint than his did, because it's time to recognize your contribution, and your expertise, in public.

VMware is very proud to introduce the VMware vExpert Awards. The VMware vExpert Awards will be given to individuals who have significantly contributed to the overall community of VMware users over the past year, either online or offline. You might be contributing online to blogs, forums, wikis, or other online sites. You might be organizing VMUG meetings or otherwise getting the word out to local IT professionals. You're helping spread the word about virtualization and making people successful in deploying this game-changing technology. We want to thank you.

Here is the nomination form. You can nominate yourself or someone else. We're also taking nominations from people and programs within VMware, so you actually don't even have to nominate yourself and you still could wake up one day with an award. You might want to fill out the form anyway, because we may not be aware of everything you're doing.

Awardees will get an award certificate and a little gift, but the real award is being able to call yourself a VMware vExpert for the year, getting listed in a public directory, and getting access to our private community. The vExpert award is not any sort of technical certification like VCP, and in fact vExpert isn't really about your raw technical expertise at all. However, the people who get this kind of award tend to both (1) display a lot of technical expertise as they help others; and (2) work their tails off in the community on top of their day jobs.

The VMware vExpert program will likely get talked about as "VMware's MVP," and while we'd like to acknowledge inspiration from Microsoft's very successful program, please don't compare them directly. Microsoft MVP has been going on for over a decade and includes a 4-day conference — and the vExpert won't even get you a free ticket to VMworld! 🙂 Our first goal simply is to publicly thank you and acknowledge all the hard work you've been doing on behalf of virtualization and VMware. That being said, when you get this award you'll be visible to various teams inside VMware and may be tapped to participate in various activities.

If you aren't active in online places like the VMware Communities or the blogs, or if you aren't active in your local virtualization community, then this award isn't for you. However, if you've been thinking about getting started, I hope these awards are an inspiration. Being active in the community is a great way to get exposure to technologies that you don't normally touch in your day job and to keep learning every day. (As the Roman smart dude Seneca put it "We learn by teaching.") In general having a higher professional profile is a career accelerator. I hope at this point most bosses agree that the VMware Communities and sites like it are valuable for all IT professionals in 2009.

Finally, I also want to thank everybody in the community that I've had the privilege to work with. You're super-professional, super-knowledgeable, and you've taught me to tell my LUNs from a hole in the ground. Being able to help shepherd these awards out the door is both personally and professionally rewarding. I'm looking forward to hanging out with the VMware vExpert Award winners of 2009!

John Troyer