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Author Archives: vFabric Team

How to Use the New GUI Features in vFabric Postgres 9.2

People have said code is poetry and information is beautiful, but let’s talk about graphical user interfaces (GUI) and ease of use.

The PostgreSQL community has a multitude of choices when it comes to GUIs versus CLI. For vFabric Postgres, we’ve added some cool, new GUI tools.

In part one of this two-part series on vFabric Postgres user interfaces, we look at the built-in GUI capabilities within the VM of the latest release—vFabric Postgres 9.2. Based on VMware Studio, vFabric Postgres 9.2 uses an instinctive user interface to fully control the behavior of the database virtual machine and allows you to perform basic tasks that are normally associated with an OS. In part 2, we will cover the key features of the database server’s new GUI and explain how to get overview-level information and see both processes and locks. Continue reading

Scaling for the Information Explosion: Master-Slave Cluster with vFabric Postgres 9.2 on vSphere

We are living in the age of the Information Explosion. Data growth is accelerating at 50% year over year. In fact, more data will be generated in the next 4 years than in the history of the world. And people are addicted to information, staying connected for up to 12 hours a day and seeing more than 34 billion bits of information every day—the equivalent of reading two books.

Earlier this year, VMware CTO Richard McDougall stated in his 2013 predictions on big data that this year will be the year that ‘delete’ becomes forbidden. As a result, IT is challenged to scale a volume of data that is a moving target, with the only promise that it will continue to grow exponentially.

While vFabric Postgres 9.2 is already known to have a significant performance gains, the ability to create master-slave clusters adds more power to the architecture mix. Master-slave clusters provide extra assurances for data backups and failover, but also they can be used to distribute the workload for queries and to help applications scale.

Below, we will explain how set up and test a master-slave cluster in Postgres 9.2.

Continue reading

Introducing the RabbitMQ Simulator, Video, & Open Source Bits

In this blog post I’d like to introduce you to one of our latest developments: the RabbitMQ Simulator.

This simulator was born out of a need—we wanted a better tool to teach RabbitMQ concepts to people that were new to the message broker and its AMQP protocol.

If you know me, you are probably aware that I have given quite a few RabbitMQ presentations over the year at several technical conferences. After explaining AMQP concepts many times with static images, I decided the time had come for a better tool—something more graphic and visual, something with more life and motion. So, I started working on this RabbitMQ Simulator project. Continue reading

From the Front-line of StrataConf: A VMware Perspective

Day 2 of the O’Reilly Strata Conference is starting here in Santa Clara, California and the focus is very much on data. In 2005, Tim O’Reilly predicted: “Data is the Next Intel Inside.” At VMware, big, fast data has never been so critical for our customers and innovations are transforming the cloud applications landscape at an unprecedented rate. This conference comes at the perfect time to reset what everyone knows about big, fast data.

The conference kicked off yesterday with several brief 20 minute keynotes. They were all  succinct and to the point. Greenplum‘s Scott Yara reflected on how the big data market has grown tremendously over the past few years and mentioned several key data scientist practitioners.  Scott also mentioned the increased investment in open source Hadoop. Of course, Strata comes on the heels of the Greenplum Pivotal HD  announcement on Monday which launched their distribution of Hadoop which can improve performance 50X to 500X when compared to existing SQL-like services on top of Hadoop.

Another great keynote presentation was from Yael Garten, a Senior Data Scientist from LinkedIn. Yael leads the mobile data analytics team. She began by polling the audience and noting that many in the audience had already been on 3 different devices that morning and it wasn’t even 9:30 am yet. She noted we’re constantly connected, and we need to use data to personalize the experience for users no matter what device we’re on.  She had an interesting graph highlighting device use and laptop use during our morning time of “coffee to couch”.  And those uses are different in the US compared to places like India. Continue reading

Why Lean Application Servers Are Faster, Cheaper, and Better For Business

The application server has been the centerpiece of modern architectures for web-based applications for over a decade. However, there are trends in technology that make us rethink how we use application servers and how we can get the most value out of them.

Over the years enterprises have built up considerable technical debt. This debt is made up of outdated processes, legacy applications, and stale technologies. We are all familiar with the types of headaches caused by older apps:

  1. Development is slow.
  2. Costs continue to rise, not fall.
  3. Business needs are increasing in speed and complexity.

The good news are there are solutions today that solve all of these challenges. This post and accompanying video are aimed straight at helping you understand what will help you evolve your applications to a modern approach that will benefit your company and your customers alike. Using VMware and open source technologies such as Spring, Apache Tomcat, vSphere, Spring Insight and Hyperic we will explain to you how these tools and methodologies come together with tc Server to evolve your development organization and applications to tap into the full potential of lean development and cloud computing.

Continue reading

Dynamic Memory Management of vFabric Postgres

In a nutshell, dynamic memory management in vFabric Postgres is conceptually like Elastic Memory for Java (EM4J), but for a virtualized, enterprise-class, open source database instead of an application server.

Compared to a normal PostgreSQL server, vFabric Postgres brings two additions necessary for flexible virtualization of the database server. These two features can help companies realize the benefits of virtualizing the database and the associated cost savings from running an open source database on an extremely cost-effective infrastructure.

  1. Elastic shared memory management
  2. Automatic memory configuration

Elastic Shared Memory Management

Directly embedded with PostgreSQL core, the elastic shared memory management is a new feature of vFabric Postgres. This capability allows memory to be released or obtained according to the other virtual machine needs on the same server. Continue reading

Choosing Your Messaging Protocol: AMQP, MQTT, or STOMP

One of the most common questions I’m asked to cover when I discuss software architecture topics is the difference between the various application messaging protocols that exist today—issues like how and why the protocols came about, and which one should be used in a particular application.

Their question is valid.

Today, application architects need to use a messaging broker to speed and scale their applications, particularly in the cloud. Even once you select your messaging middleware application, application developers need to then select the protocol. Understanding the subtle differences between them can be difficult.

Today, we will consider three of the most common and popular TCP/IP-based messaging protocols, and provide a quick summary on the advantages of each: AMQP, MQTT and STOMP. Before we go on, I should also point out that all three of these protocols are supported in RabbitMQ version 3.0—something we will use as an example and come back to later.

So, in alphabetical order…

AMQP in a Nutshell Continue reading

5 Characteristics of a Modern Mainframe Cloud App – Avoid Tornado IT

No one likes being rushed into bad decisions.

Yet, the pace of information technology often forces IT executives to do that.

In today’s world, mainframe-to-cloud decisions need solid thinking or we risk a technology tornado. This article outlines some key lessons learned at the front-line of IT decision-making.

As previously discussed, it’s possible to “modernize” mainframe legacy applications to the cloud. You can get there with little to no modification by using a “lift-and-shift” strategy.  Several of my clients have taken this approach to quickly satisfy a “cloud mandate”. The results have been less than desirable:

  • Without the use of pooled resources, the applications do not scale well.
  • Timely user provisioning and access from any device is still a challenge because the apps do not provide on-demand, ubiquitous access.
  • In addition, utility-based pricing/costing is performed manually, with little accuracy to the realities of actual usage.
  • Most importantly, the applications continue to have monolithic, stove-piped architectures, which are difficult and expensive to maintain and enhance.

These “cloud” applications are more like funnel cloud apps or tornoado apps—waiting to cause IT organizations extreme havoc. Assuming you want to avoid funnel clouds and IT tornadoes, consider applying the following five application architecture and design principles indicative of a true cloud application: Continue reading

3 Key Performance and Scale Improvements with VMware vFabric Postgres 9.2

Recently, vFabric Postgres 9.2 launched with additional cloud computing capabilities like elastic memory management. Some of the most compelling new features are performance-related and take linear scaling to new levels.

This article will cover 3 key improvements as listed below:

  • 4x Improvement with vertical linear scaling for reads
  • 2x Improved write efficiency for write ahead logs
  • Index Only Scans and More

4x Improvement with vertical linear scaling for reads

Modern websites are almost all database driven. When consumers browse online retailer catalogs, 99% of the load is reads and 1% of the load is updates to the data on the tables. Even in highly updated websites, the grand majority of load is from reads. In these high-read usage scenarios, the database needs to handle a high read load on certain tables compared to the other tables in the database. We’ve seen this behavior drive enhancements within databases. For example, many application designs started putting a caching mechanism in their application to limit the database hits. Continue reading

Run DBaaS Metering & Chargebacks w/Data Director, then add Hyperic

Ever heard or thought this?

“We have so many databases—the cost is so significant and hard to track. If we could just measure and charge groups based on usage, we could better manage this and cut down on license costs.”

Many companies are realizing that they must run all services like a utility. There are “table stakes” for playing in the model. It means IT must manage all data-related services with metering and chargebacks. You just can’t be a true software service if you don’t know your real costs. Not to mention, other executives look at you with big eyes when you say, “I am not sure how much all our databases cost us.”

If you are unaware of what vFabric Data Director does, here is a short overview explaining how it can help consolidate databases by 13 to 1.

Through database-aware virtualization and self-service lifecycle management, vFabric Data Director (vFDD) enables organizations to offer DBaaS for reduced TCO, increased agility, accelerated application development, and more. Like all other XaaS offerings, vFDD 2.5 is implemented based on a  cloud architecture—resource pooling and elasticity through resource pools/resource bundles, multi-tenancy through the organization/database group/database structure, self-service through automated database lifecycle management workflows, and additional security.

However, some suspect there is one important, business-centric cloud component missing in vFDD—the service metering capability, a.k.a. chargeback. Many have wondered if vCenter Chargeback Manager (vCBM) can be utilized together with vFDD to fill the gap. Can it? In short, the answer is yes. Continue reading