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Monthly Archives: January 2013

Windows Server 2012 VM-Generation ID Support in vSphere

Update 1/25/2013: The vSphere versions required for VM-Generation ID support have been updated below.

Active Directory Domain Services has been one of those applications that, to the naked eye, seemed like it was a no brainer to virtualize. Why not? In most environments it’s a fairly low utilization workload, rarely capable of efficiently using the resources found in many of the enterprise-class servers that have been available for the past few years. Many organizations have adopted this way of thinking and have successfully virtualized all of their domain controllers. What about the hold-outs? What is it about Active Directory that has left so many AD administrators and architects keeping their infrastructure, or at least a portion of it on physical servers? Continue reading

Formula to Determine Availability of SAP running on an ESXi Cluster

“Arithmetic is where the answer is right and everything is nice and you can look out of the window and see the blue sky – or the answer is wrong and you have to start over and try again and see how it comes out this time.” ~Carl Sandburg

When we architect SAP on VMware deployments an important topic is how we design for high availability. We have options in the VMware environment from VMware HA, VMware FT and use of in-guest clustering software like Microsoft Cluster Services or Linux-HA. So can we determine a numerical availability for our design expressed as a fraction/percentage  (same metric used to define uptime Service Level Agreements like 99.9% )? Yes, there are ways to estimate this value and one method is explained in the following paper http://www.availabilitydigest.com/public_articles/0712/sap_vmware.pdf . This paper develops an equation to estimate the availability of SAP running on an ESXi cluster expressed as a fraction/percentage. The concepts are taken from other papers at http://www.availabilitydigest.com (a digest of topics on high availability)  and are based on mathematical algebra and probability theory that have been previously used in the IT industry for availability calculations. The availability metric (e.g. 99.9% or 0.999) is essentially a probability hence we use mathematical probability techniques to calculate the overall availability of a system. Continue reading